Saturday, 14 May 2011

14 May 2011 more papers : VU Fall Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


CS504 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)

MCQ=20 Mostly form past papers

Short Question 2 (2), 2(3), 2(5)

Total number =40

Q 21:- To manage the complexity of the system we need to apply the principle of abstraction. Discus briefly?

Q 22:-Differentiate between architectural design and system architected in a single line?(2)

Q 23:- What are architectural design Process , explain briefly? (3)

Q 24:-what are some of the considerations for maintainable design. (5)

Q 25:- What should be the consideration for maintainable design . (5)

Q 26:- Discuses the relationship between sequence diagram and logical complexity ? (5)


CS507 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)

Information System

Total Question: 25
MCQ’s : 18
Subjective: 7


Which are the Techniques of Data Warehouse

Give an example for Incremental Model

Give any two examples of strategic planning for Information
Resource 2Marks

Important phases of decision making process.

Evaluate prototyping in term of benefits and risk. 5Marks

Describe decision making techniques.

Another Paper:

Question#17 (2 Marks)
What are the fundamental components of DSS Architecture?

Question#18 (2 Marks)
Why expert system is the most popular type of intelligent system?

Question#19 (3 Marks)
How ERD is beneficial to system design?

Question#20 (3 Marks)
List any three applications of Statistics and modeling?

Question#21 (3 Marks)
ABS firms want to develop software product. What criteria they would use for technical feasibility?

Question#22 (5 Marks)
Evaluate the prototyping benefits and risks?

Question#23 (5 Marks)
What are the steps for the improvements of the decision making process?


CS604 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


CS604- OPERATING SYSTEMS
Time: 60 min
Marks: 38

Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Linux is a version of _______ operating system.
Select correct option:

OS/2
Windows
Unix
None of the above

Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Current working d
irectory can be accessed using --------- Command.
Select correct option:

. (dot)
# ( hash )
/ (slash)
~ (tilt)

Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Mkfifo() is a _______.
Select correct option:

System Call
Command
Directory
None of Above

Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
-------- command gives a snapshot of the current processes.
Select correct option:


ps
top
who
ls

Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Time interval when the I/O Device
s are accessed is known as --------.
Select correct option:

CPU Burst
IO Burst
Time Slice
None of Above

Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The process of switching from one process to another is called ---------------.
Select correc
t option:

context switching
scheduling
quantum period
latency

Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
__________ directory includes essential system boot files including the kernel image.
Select correct option:

/bin
/boot
/dev
/etc

Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
________ scheduling algorithm is sometimes called shortest remaining time first scheduling algorithm.

Select correct option:

Non-preemptive SJF
Priority Scheduling
Preemptive Shortest Job First
FCFS

Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
A semaphore that cause Busy-Waiting is termed as ___________.
Select correct option:


Spinlock
Monitor
Critical region
Critical section

Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Pr
ogress and Bounded Waiting are some of the characteristics to solve the critical section problems.
Select correct option:

True
False

Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
In ---------addressing, the recipient is not required to name the s
ender.
Select correct option:

Symmetric
Asymmetric
Both symmetric and asymmetric
None of the given options

Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The execution of critical sections must NOT be mutually exclusive
Select correct option:


True
False

Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
A program in execution is called a _______________.

Select correct option:

Command
Process
Software
Compiler

Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The critical section problem can be solved by the following except

Software based solution
Firmware based solution
Operating system based solution
Hardware based solution

Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The bottom layer in the layered approach
of Operating System is-----------
Select correct option:

User interface
Hardware
Kernel
None of the given options

Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The manual pages can be read in Linux using ____ command.

Select correct option:

man
wan
desc
help

Question No: 17 ( Marks: 2 )

What is Convoy Effect?

Question No: 18 ( Marks: 2 )
What are the common data structures in Bakery Algorithm?

Question No: 19 ( Marks: 2 )
How a pipe can be created?

Question No: 20 ( Marks: 3 )
Define Progress and Bounded Waiting.

Question No: 21 ( Marks: 3 )
What is Starvation and how it occures

Question No: 22 ( Marks: 5 )
What are the advantages of Round Robin Scheduling Algorithm?

Question No: 23 ( Marks: 5 )
Analyze the following algorithm to solve the critical section problem and explain whether it satisfies the Mutual Exclusion Characteristic

Flag[i] = True;
Turn = j;
do{
while(Flag[j] = True && turn==j);
critical section
Flag[i] = False;
remainder section
} While(1)


CS605 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


SOFTWARE ENGINEERING II MID PAPER

MCQS n THEORY Questions

1.   In original ______________ there was no provision of feedback concept and you cannot go back to any previous stage.

  • Waterfall model
  • RAD
  • Incremental
  • Spiral

2.   Basic project management process are established at _________ level of CMM
  • Level 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4

3.   Build and Fix model is a ___________ type of software development activity
  • Perfect
  • Haphazard
  • Planned
  • Mathematical


4.   ____________ helps the management to identify the amount of work been finished at a particular stage
  • None
  • Incremental
  • Bulid n FiX
  • Waterfall

5.   The best project team organizational model to use when tackling extremely difficult problems is the
  • DD
  • CD

6.   One of the best ways to avoid frustration during the software development process is to

7.   Determining size of the software help to determine

8.   We can include following type of data in the database for creating matrix aganst each project except

9.   Risk Analysis and management involves addressing the following concerns except

10.  An effective risk management plan will need to address which of the following issues?

11.  A process model defines a task set which comprises of SE work tasks, .................... and deliverables.
  • Model
  • Module
  • Milestone
  • None

12  Risk monitoring involves watching the risk indicators defined for the project and determining the effectiveness of the risk mitigation steps.

  • T
  • F

13  Although there are many different models developed by different researchers for estimation, all of them share which one of  the following basic structure

14  Which one of the following describes the data and control to be processed, function, performance, constraints, interfaces, and reliability?

15  When more than one user interpret the same requirement in different ways then we can say that the requirements are
Incorrect
Ambiguous
Incomplete
None

THEORY QUESTIONS:

1.   Why we use External Inquiry?
2.   Differentiate between generic risks and product specific risks
3.   Differentiate between democratic decentralized and controlled decentralized approach of team organization in a project?
4.   In order to assess the overall project risks, what questions need to be addressed? Give any five?
5.   What is the purpose of control charts?
6.   According to the studies of Caper Jones what techniques should be used in addition to testing to increase the Defect Removal Efficiency? Briefly explain?
7.   Why should we need Software Scope Estimation?


Eng301 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


1. Editing means revising your message that is still in rough draft.
2. What is CD-Rom database?
 It is used to put information in a form that is easy to digest
 It is used to play computer disk
 It is a tool used during the high level meetings
 It is a tool to download songs

3. This form is named so because inside address, salutation and paragraphs are blocked not
indented in this form. If plain paper is being used, heading, date, complimentary close andsignature are typewritten at the horizontal centre of the page. They are placed so that theyend near the right hand margin. Match the above with one of the followings:
 The Block-form / Modified – Block
 Full-Block
 The Semi-Block
 AMS (Administrative Management Society)

4. A machine scans a printed page, converts it to a signal, and transmits the signal over a telephone line to a receiving machine.  Although they have been available for many years,until recently they were slow and expensive. These are called:
 Groupware
 Teleconferencing
 Faxes
 Voice Mail

5. When you wish to write to someone within your own company, you will send a
memorandum.
6. In order to get promotion for an executive, it is important to have ___________
 Sound background
 Good personality
 Communication skills
 written communication
7. Which form a communication involves a speaker and an audience?
 Person to group
 Group to group
 Individual to Individual

 People to people
8. A clear writing is easy to understand, provided it is __________
a. Short, easy
b. Simple, short
c. Short, crisp
d. Simple, easy
9. Clich├ęs (Study this topic from your handouts)
10. It means that for a Company to survive, it must establish markets not only in its own
country but also in many foreign countries. Thus employees must understand other cultures
as well as their own countrys ethnic diversity.Match this statement with one of the
following concepts:
 Globalization
 Marketing
 Communication
 Americanism
11. Write a note on beginnings & endings of the message. (2)
12. What is direct approach? (2)
13. Discuss the importance of concreteness in business message. (3)
14. What is the difference between inquiries and general requests? (3)
15. How do we write the beginnings and endings of an effective business message. Explain with examples. (5)
16. Getting a positive and desirable feedback from the receiver is a trait of good communicator. Justify. (5)
17. Write four points for writing refusal letters. (5)


Fin611 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


MCQs were very easy and are from debit credit branch and from that chapter 7 or 8 quiz also taken and others from past papers
3 question3 marks 
income and expenditure 3 marks
different between share and debenture 3 marks
other 1 calculation wala the 3 marks
goodwill say non calculation 5 marks
calculate the credit sales 5 marks


Fin621 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


Total questions 27
Mcqs 22 1 mark
3 short questions 3 marks
2 long questions 5 marks
Is depreciation a source of fund or not? Give reasons (3)
How cash dividend effect our financial statements (3)
Income statement or cash flow statement which among these give better profitability? Give reason(3)
Calculate Net cash flow from from operating activities using Direct method. (5)
Rs.
a- Cash received from customers --
b- Interest and dividend received --
c- Proceed from sale of Plant --
d- Cash paid to suppliers&Employees --
e- Cash paid for purchase of Investment --
f- Cash paid for purchase of Treasury Stock --
On march 29,1998 Global co. purchased new equipment costing 100,000. Its estimated life is 5 years and Paper copy from vu thirty nine dot com residual value 10,000. For income tax purpose this is classified as a 5-year property and has a depreciation rate rate of 40%. (5)
Required:
Compute annual depreciation expense for each year until equipment is fully depreciated using 200% declining method, with half year convention.(limit the depreciation expense to year 2003)


Fin622 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


MCQS =28
THEORY =4 QUESTIONS

SOME MCQS ARE GIVEN BELOW.

Which of the following is a necessary condition for issuing shares through Initial Public Offerings (IPO’s)?

The firm must be listed on the stock exchange
Which of the following transactions would occur in a primary financial market?
Initial public offering


Which of the following would be a consequence of a high Inventory Turnover Ratio?
        Low level of inventory and frequent stock-outs

Which of the following is known as market portfolio?

A portfolio consists of all securities available in the market
Which of the following is the principal advantage of high debt financing?

Tax savings


Which of the following would be a consequence of a high Inventory Turnover Ratio?
        low level of inventory and frequent stock-outs.


In which one of the following markets the bonds of a Corporation shall be traded now who were issued 10 years back?
Secondary market

 Which one of the following is an offering in which the shares of a company - to a limited number of investors?Private Placement

If the common stocks of a company have beta value less than 1, then such stocks refer to

Defensive stocks
Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding Balance Sheet of a firm?

It shows the firm’s financial position at a specific point in time.

        Suppose that a corporation of which you are a shareholder has just gone bankrupt. Its liabilities are far in excess of its assets. How much of your investment would you get back?
Nothing at all
A company can improve (lower) its debt-to-total assets ratio by doing which
of
the
following?



By selling the common stock Reference:

Which of the following terms refers to the process of systematic investigation of the effects on estimates or outcomes of changes in data or parameter inputs or assumptions to evaluate a capital project?

Sensitivity Analysis
Which of the following conditions, if exist, will make the diversification of stocks more effective?
Securities contained in a portfolio are negatively correlated

Which one of the following terms refers to the variability of return on stocks or portfolios not explained by general market movements, and is avoidable through proper diversification?
Unsystematic risk
Short-term creditors would be most interested in which of the following ratios of a firm? Liquidity ratios


Which of the following is the rate of return earned on a bond if held till maturity? Yield-to-maturity
Which one of the following statements best describes the relationship between market interest rates and bond prices?
Market interest rates and bond prices move in opposite directions
In which of the following situations market price of a security will move down? When market price of the security is above the intrinsic value of the security
Which of the following focuses on long-term investment decision-making process?

Capital Budgeting

When faced with mutually exclusive options, which project should be accepted under the

'Payback Method'?

It doesn’t matter because the payback method is not theoretically correct

Which one of the following values refers to the amount of money that could be realized if         an asset or group of assets is sold separately from its operating organization?     
Liquidation value

Which of the following statements is applied to weighted average cost of capital (WACC)?

It is used as an evaluation tool
If  a  creditor  wants to know about the bill payment status of a potential customer, the creditor could look at which one of the following ratios?


Average age of accounts payable.

Which of the following refers to the value at which an asset is carried on a balance sheet?

Book Value
.

When the market's required rate of return for a particular bond is much less than

its coupon rate, the bond will be selling at which one of the following?

At premium.
Which of the following transactions would occur in a primary financial market?

Initial public offering
A 30-year corporate bond issued in  1985 would now be traded in which of the
following markets? Primary capital market. Primary money market. Secondary money market.

Secondary capital market.
A person has invested some of its personal spare funds in the common stocks of a public limited company. Which of the following would be the total  return  for this person  on his common stocks?
Dividend yield and capital gains yield.

Which of the following is included in the cost of capital of a firm?
Cost of retained earnings
Which of the following best define the term 'Capital Structure'?

The proportion of debt and equity capital used by a firm

In which of the following dividend policies, the amount of dividend is relatively fixed?

Constant payout ratio policy

  A public limited Company had sales of Rs.2 million this year. The marketing manager expects sales to grow at a 10 percent compound annual rate over the next 10 years. On this basis, which of the following is the closest amount of sales in 10 years?

        Rs.5,187,485.
 The present value of Rs.100 per year received for 10 years discounted at 8 percent is closest to which of the following amounts?
        Rs.671
 If you want to earn 8 percent, approximately how much should you pay for a security which matures in one year at Rs. 1,000?

        Rs. 926
ABC Company will pay a dividend of Rs.2.40 per share at the end of this year. Its dividend yield is 8%. At what price is the stock selling?
30                    
uppose a stock is selling today for Rs.35 per share. At the end of the year, it pays a dividend of Rs.2.00 per share and sells for Rs.39.00. What is the dividend yield on this stock?
5%
        You are considering buying common stock in Grow On, Inc. The firm yesterday paid a dividend of $7.80. You have projected that dividends will grow at a rate of 9.0% per year indefinitely. If you want an annual return of 24.0%, what is the most you should pay for the stock now?
$56.68
        An investor buys a bond that will pay the interest amount of Rs.60 annually, forever. If there is
If you deposit $12,000 per year for 16 years (each deposit is made at the beginning of each year) in an account that pays an annual interest rate of 15%, what will your account be worth at the end of 16 years?

$768,901.12
        ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one Felton Farm Supplies, Inc., has an 8 percent return on total assets of Rs.300,000 and a net profit margin of 5%. What are its sales?

Rs.480,000
                 
A firm had an interest expense of Rs.400,000 on its outstanding debt during the financial
year 2006-2007. If the firm marginal tax rate is 40%, what was the total tax savings of the firm during the period 2006-2007?

Rs.160,000
Market demand allowed a company, to raise its price by 20% to $60. What is the new level of break-even revenues if fixed charges including depreciation are $1 million and variable costs were 70% of the old price?

$2,400,000
Question No: 30 (Marks: 3)

Suppose you have 40% of your portfolio invested in firm A, 30% in firm B, 20% in firm C, and 10% in firm D. You know that the betas for these firms are, respectively, 1.2, 1.4, 0.8, and 1.1. Calculate your portfolio beta.

Portfolio beta = XaBa + XbBb +XcBc + XdBd

Xa = portfolio invested in firm A

Ba = beta for firm A

Portfolio beta = (40% * 1.2) + (30% * 1.4) + (20% * .8) + (10%*1.1) = .48 + 0.42 + .16 + .11 = 1.17

In the year ending January 2008, Wal-Mart paid out Rs.1,326 million as debt interest. How much more tax would Wal-Mart have paid if the firm had been entirely financed by equity? What would be the present value of Wal-Mart’s interest tax shield if the company planned to keep its borrowing permanently at the 2008 level? Assume an interest rate of 8% and a corporate tax rate of 35%.

More tax in case of entirely finance by equity:

1326 million *35/100 =464 million
Present value of interest       = 1326 million /1 .08 =1218.75 million



1. Systemic and unsystematic risk (3 Marks)

Systematic Risk:

Systematic risks are unanticipated that effects all the assets to some degree. It is nondiversifiable. Systematic risk influences large number of assets and is also known as market risk. Systematic Risk is measured by Beta Coefficient or Beta. Beta measure the systematic risk inherent in an asset relative to the market as whole.

Unsystematic Risk or Unique Risk:

It affects only specific assets or a firm. it is also known as Diversifiable or Unique or Asset- specific Risk. It can be eliminated by Diversification therefore; a Portfolio with many assets has almost zero Unsystematic Risk.



Fin630 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


Total 32 Question 
2 for 3 Marks 
2 For 5 Marks
28 Quiz
Why is difficult to Classification fo Industories?
Discuss Two components of rate of rate of return?


HRM627 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)



Human resource development (HRM627)
Subjective For Midterm Papers

Give your views about the importance of group decision making? (3marks)
Answer:
There is much importance of group decision making because of its advantages.
Advantages of Group Decision Making
1. Provide more complete information
2. Generate more alternatives
3. Increase acceptance of a solution
4. Increased legitimacy

(Marks: 3)
What factors distort communication of emotions?
Answer:
Various emotions on the part of one or both participants may obscure or distort intended meanings. Fear, anxiety, defenselessness, embarrassment, hostility and depression are common emotional responses in healthcare context which may prevents good communication, particularly if they are unacknowledged by one or both parties.

(Marks: 5)
Differentiate between cross-functional team and functional teams?

Answer:
Functional Team
A type of work team composed of a manager and his or her subordinates from a particular functional area.
Cross-Functional Team
It is a type of work team that’s a hybrid grouping of individuals who are experts in various specialties and who work together on various tasks.

(Marks: 3) Give any three common expressions based on Visual sub modalities?
Answer:
COMMON EXPRESSIONS BASED ON: Visual Submodalities— That really brightens my day. That puts things in a better perspective. That's a top priority. This guy has a checkered past. Let's look at the big picture. This problem keeps staring me in the face.

(Marks: 5) Can we say the Poverty as a critical problem of HRD? Discuss why or why not?
Answer:
Yes, we can say that poverty as critical problem of HRD. The HRD programmes fail due to poverty, social injustice, low quality education and illiteracy. The achievement of sustained and equitable development remains the greatest challenge facing the human race. Despite good progress over the past generation, more than 1 billion people still live in acute poverty and suffer grossly inadequate access to the resources-education, health services, infrastructure , land and credit-required to give them a chance of a better life. The essential task of development is to provide opportunities so that these people and hundreds of millions not much better off, can reach their potential.

(Marks: 5) Identify any five Prerequisites of Organizational Democracy?
Answer:
Prerequisites of organizational democracy:
1. A more provisional sense of temporality towards organizations than that of bureaucracy
2. A climate (culture) in which constructive mutual and self-criticism can flourish
3. Small size
4. Homogenous membership in terms of backgrounds and values
5. A turbulent and dynamic environment around the organization so that the organization’s main focus in innovation and idea generation (differentiation) rather than efficiency (cost leadership)
6. A team culture
7. An internal environment where employees trust each other and this trust is emanating from the leadership of the organization
8. A horizontal and flat organization as opposed to a tall and vertical one

(Marks: 5) Mostly, people think that health and fitness are same. Do you agree with this or not? Justify your answer.
Answer:

No, am not agreeing with this because fitness and health are different. Fitness is “the physical ability to perform athletic activity.” Health, however, is defined as “the state where all the systems of the body – nervous, muscular, skeletal, circulatory, digestive, lymphatic, hormonal, etc. – are working in an optimal way….”

Most people think that fitness implies health, but the truth is that they don’t necessarily go hand in hand. It’s ideal to have both health and fitness, but by outing health first, you will always enjoy tremendous Benefits in your life.

The biggest difference between health and fitness comes down to understanding the distinction between aerobic and anaerobic exercise, between endurance and power. Aerobic means, literally, “with oxygen,” and refers to moderate exercise sustained over a period of time. Your aerobic system is your system for endurance, and encompasses the heart, lungs, blood vessels and aerobic muscles. If you activate your aerobic system with proper exercise and diet, you burn fat as your primary fuel.
On the other hand, anaerobic means, “without oxygen,” and refers to exercises that produce short bursts of power. Anaerobic exercise burns glycogen as its primary fuel, while causing the body to store fat.

Some More important Subjective questions of HRM627

Question:
What is the importance of HRD in organizations?
Answer:
Human Resource Development (HRD) stresses that human beings have the potential to do things It is based on the belief that an investment in human beings is necessary and will invariably bring in substantial benefits in the long run. HRD helps to collect lot of useful and objective data on employee which facilitate human resource planning HRD leads to participation by the workers which bring in a sense of achievement and pride in their work. HRD is also important because: Country develops if The Human Resource is developed Of increase in Productivity It helps in the Eradication of Social and Economic Backwardness Entrepreneurship Increase

Question:
What is meant by HRM?
Answer:
HRM stands for Human Resource Management means managing people in organizations. In simple sense, HRM means employing people, utilizing maintaining and compensating their services in tune with the job and organizational requirement.

Question:
What do you understand by the term HRD?
Answer:
HRD is concerned it relates to human resource development, it involves all the activities helpful to develop the human resources.

Question:
What is intrinsic motivation?
Answer:
Intrinsic Motivation is “an in-built and naturally occurring inspiration or drive” or “doing an activity or behavior voluntarily for its own sake, for the inherent satisfaction and pleasure derived from participation”.

Question:
What is meant by extrinsic motivation?
Answer:
Extrinsic Motivation “refers to activities engaged in as a means to an end such as to gain rewards or avoid criticism, rather than for satisfaction of activities itself”.

Question:
What is meant by group?
Answer:
A group is defined as two or more interacting and interdependent individuals who come together to achieve particular goals.

Question:
Why organizations are using HRD ?
Answer:
Organizations’ are using HRD to develop their Human Resource to such an extent that they could be utilized to the best of their abilities.

Question:
What is the Nutritional supplementation?
Answer:
Nutritional supplements include vitamins, minerals, herbs, meal supplements, sports nutrition products, natural food supplements, and other related products used to boost the nutritional content of the diet. Removing the nutritional deficiency by using supplements is nutritional supplementation.

Question:
What is Transformational Vocabulary?
Answer:
Transformational Vocabulary is to use changed way of saying the same thing. The purpose of the Transformational Vocabulary is to give you the ability to change your view of a situation by using different words.

Question:
What is the difference between a leader and a manager?
Answer:
Manager: A Manager is the person responsible for planning and directing the work of a group of individuals, monitoring their work, and taking corrective action when necessary.
Leader: A person who rules or guides or inspires others; Leaders can not lead if they can not manage people.
What is meant by Adult learning?
It has been argued that adult learning is qualitatively different from learning in childhood. The 'andragogy' approach emphasises the importance of self-directed learning for adults, integrating new material and ideas with current and previous experience.

What is Attitude?
It is a persisting feeling or emotion of a person that influences choice of action and response to stimulus. Defined as a disposition or tendency to respond positively or negatively towards a certain thing (idea, object, person, situation). They encompass, or are closely related to, our opinions and beliefs and are based upon our experiences. Training that produces tangible results starts by changing behavior...which ultimately changes attitudes

What is Behavior?
Any activity (either covert or overt) the learner will be expected to exhibit after training. The activity should be observable and measurable. It is the primary component of an objective

Define Big five model?
Five factor model of personality that includes extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability and openness to experience.

What is meant by Chain of command?
A line of authority that links all persons in an organization and defines who reports to whom

What is Coercive power?
Authority to punish or recommend punishment

What is Cognitive dissonance?
It is a State of psychological tension arising from incompatibility among a person's attitudes, behavior, beliefs, and/or knowledge, or when a choice has to be made between equally attractive or repulsive alternatives. One example is 'buyer's remorse,' a feeling of guilt associated with doubts about the advisability of a purchase decision that one experiences after making an expensive purchase. Marketers try to manage these doubts with supportive information such as testimonials, money-back guaranties, and after-sales service.

What is competency?
(1) Areas of personal capability that enable people to perform successfully in their jobs by completing task effectively. A competency can be knowledge, attitudes, skills, values, or personal values. Competency can be acquired through talent, experience, or training.

(2) Competency comprises the specification of knowledge and skill and the application of that knowledge and skill to the standard of performance required in employment.

What is meant by Human Resource Development (HRD)?
An organized learning experience, conducted in a definite time period, to increase the possibility of improving job performance and growth.

What are Job Aids?
It is a device designed for use on the job and providing guidance on the performance of a specific task or skill. May be printed or on-line. Used in situations where it is not feasible or worthwhile to commit the procedure to memory before on-the-job-activity. Often these are paper-based and posted on the wall in plain sight or in a small reference notebook. They can also be, decals, manuals, cards, etc.

What is Job Analysis?
It Breaking down the complexity of a person's job into logical parts such as duties and tasks. It identifies and organizes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required to perform the job correctly. This is accomplished by gathering task activities and requirements by observation, interviews, or other recording systems.

What is Job Description?
A formal statement of duties, qualifications, and responsibilities associated with a job.

What is Job Enlargement?
It is an increase in the number of tasks that an employee performs. It is associated with the design of jobs to reduce employee dissatisfaction.

What is Job Enrichment?
It is an increase in the number of tasks that an employee performs and an increase in the control over those tasks. It is associated with the design of jobs and is an extension of job enlargement.

What is meant by Machiavellianism (Mach)?
A measure of the degree to which people are pragmatic, maintains emotional distance and believe that ends justify means.

What is Motivation?
Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested in and committed to a job, role, or subject, and to exert persistent effort in attaining a goal. Motivation is the energizer of behavior and mother of all action. It results from the interactions among conscious and unconscious factors such as the (1) intensity of desire or need, (2) incentive or reward value of the goal, and (3) expectations of the individual and of his or her significant others.

Define Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)?
Known formally as Jung's theory of personality type, first developed by Carl Jung in the early 1920's and more recently resurrected and made into a practical instrument by Myers and Briggs. It is a particular test vehicle for personality typing

What is Need theory?
A construct of motivation based upon physical or psychological conditions that act as stimuli for human behavior.

Define Open book management?
It is Philosophy of involving every employee in making a firm more successful by sharing financial and operational information. OBM involves four basic practices (1) training employees so they become business literate and can understand financial statements, (2) empowering them to use that information in cost cutting and quality improvement, (3) trusting them as business partners on equal footing, and (4) rewarding them fairly for the firm's success.

What is meant by Openness to experience?
It is the degree to which someone is imaginative, artistically sensitive, and intellectual.

What is Pedagogy?
Literally means the art and science of educating children, pedagogy is often used as a synonym for teaching. Pedagogy embodies teacher-focused education.

Another Paper:

Q - Give your views about the importance of group decision making ?? [3 Marks]
Q - Why freedom house is being criticized ?? [3 Marks]
Q - What are the different levels of listening ?? [3 Marks]
Q - Identify any fine prerequisites of organizational democracy ?? [5 Marks]
Q - What could be the possible impacts of Malnourishment on Economic Development. Also identify the link of good nutrition with overall GDP ?? [5 Marks]

Most of the mcq's were NEW.

Another Paper:

Q - Define Groups and number of Groups ?? [3 Marks]
Q - Define Team and functional Team ?? [3 Marks]
Q - Distort Communication Emotional ??? [3 Marks]
Q - Differentiate between Anaerobic and Aerobic ?? [5 Marks] 
Q - Level of listening ?? [5 Marks]


MCM411 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


total quiz 27
22 MCQ
5 SUBJECTIVE

1. Discuss the personality feature with an example? 2 marks

2. What are the globally defined audience patterns that are always considered by the advertising agencies which preparing a publicity campaign?3 marks

3. There is once typical heavy looking microphone but now in type and shapes. Enlist any sin type of microphone????3 marks 

4. Explain with the help of an example that stress on the word change the meaning of the speech???5 marks

5. Briefly explain the link between broadcasting house and transmitter???5 marks

Another Paper:

total 27
MCQ 22
What is personality features? describe wid example.. 2 marks.
how medium act as a barrier in a communication process? expalin... 3 marks


In recent years the new concept has been introduced which involves the listeners in real time transmission or in the canned programs.Give your opinion on this change. 3 marks
Briefly explain history of advertising on radio??5 marks...
how the FM broadcast could be handle??explain.. 5 marks..


MCM515 - Radio News Reporting & Production VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


22 MCQ'S MOSTLY COVERING THE AREA OF REPORTING AND LESSONS AFTER IT : SUBJECTIVE PART WAS...
IN WHICH I ATTEMPT 1ST 4 BUT I DONT KNW WHT TO WRITE IN THE 5TH ONE 
1) WHAT KIND OF GENERAL TYPES OF NEWS STORIES ARE? (3)
2) wHAT KIND OF POINTS PAPER COPY FROM VU THIRTY NINE DOT COM SHOULD BE KEPT IN MIND OF A REPORTER WHILE WRITTING FOR AN EDUCATIONAL FEILD?(3)
3) WHAT ARE THE ESSENTIAL POINTS FOR INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING?(3)
4) WHAT IS THE ROLE OF A SPECIAL REPORTER?(5)
5) WHAT KIND OF INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING SHOULD BE DONE ABOUT SPEECH STORY?(5)



Mgmt623 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


It was an easy exam, MCQS from past papers.

Total Question: 27 Total Marks = 41
MCQS's (1 marks) = 22
Subjective (3 marks) = 3
Subjective (5 marks) = 2


How exemplary followers increase their value in the organization (3 Marks)

What is Internal and External locus of control? (3 Marks)

List down three categories indicated in MBTI’s? (3 Marks)

What is the basis of Leadership Power? (5 Marks)

What are the sources of Personal Power? (5 Marks)

Another Paper:

What is Internal and External locus of control? (3 Marks)
Differentiate power and leadership (5 marks)
List down the three dimensions of personality big five model.(3 marks)
one question is about situational model.


Mgt301 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


marketing research and steps of markting research (5marks)
micro enviorments advantages nad disadvantages (5 marks)
maturity of product stage (3 marks)
straight rebuy , modified rebuy , new task buying what is a diffrence (3 marks)

Another Paper:

28 MCQs ..
23 MCQs in old papers n 5 mcqs new but easy

Advantages of Adoption innovation 3 Marks
Explain the Research process n characteristic 3 Marks
Research Groups and why important for the marketer 5 marks.
if a company want s new business start and he decide to enter in the market how n why and why need to brand name. 5 Marks

Another Paper:

28 mcqs 95% from past papers

subjective questions are:
Uses of research process in organization. 3 marks
a company launches new product in the market but it does not generate revenue . xplain reasons of its failure. 3 marks
discuss three major types of target market? 5 marks
what is market information system? xplain its subsystems . 5 marks.

Another Paper:

Paper Duration: 60 mins
Total Questions: 32
MCQs: 27 [marks1]
Subjective: 5 [3 Marks=3 question, 5 Marks:2]

Marketing information from which of the following databases can be accessed more quickly and cheaply?
External      
Internal & External      
Internal      
Representatives

Gathering secondary information is one of the steps of developing the research plan. What does the meaning of secondary information in marketing research? 
       That does not currently exist in an organized form
       That already exists somewhere, having been collected for another purpose
       That the researcher can obtain through surveys and observation
       That already exists somewhere in an organized form
   
In which of the following product life cycle stages, sales are zero and the company's investment costs mount? 
Product development      
Introduction
Growth
Maturity

"Consumers are spending more on products and services that will improve their lives rather than their image” reflects which aspect of the cultural environment? 
People's view of others               
People's view of themselves
People's view of organizations          
People's view of nature

In Boston Consulting Group approach, which one of the following is a measure of company's strength in the market?
Relative market share      
Market share
Business portfolio       
Market growth rate

What does CRM deliver to customers for maintaining profitable customer relationships?
Select correct option:
Less expensive goods
Quality products
Superior customer value
Variety of products



Developing and maintaining a strategic fit between the organization’s goals and capabilities and its changing marketing opportunities represent which one of the following concept?
 Marketing objectives
 Strategy planning
 Marketing activities
 Corporate strategies

A person on the University Book Shop's survey asks respondents to tell the shop, in their own words, what they like least about textbook shopping. What is a type of this question?
Select correct option:
An open-ended
A dichotomous
A multiple choice
A scale

Electronically business are being worked. What are these types of technology.
[this is not exact question little bit different but asked as like that]
Options were:
Digital
Internet
…..
….
See page#22 The information technology revolution.

The strategic marketing process is how an organization allocates its marketing mix
resources to reach its:
Stated business ideas
Target markets
Competition
Area of expertise

Compare closed-ended question and open-end questions [3 Marks]

Buying processes [3 Marks]

Marketing segmentation and it’s processes levels. Describes which is best suited to apply in long term benefit. [5 marks]

Why Market segmenting is important in international market? [5 Marks] 

Note:
Consistently 6 to 7 MCQs were about different topics but the options was either
None of the given
Or
All of the given.
Without having any confusion I marked All or None.


Mgt502 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


Total marks = 44
total questions = 32
28 mcq's were from past papers. 2, 3 were new.
2 questions of 3 marks
2 questions of 5 marks

1) three potential problems of groups (3 marks)
2) frustration in a senior employee who has several years of experience in an organization due to hiring a fresh graduate who is receiving more salary than him for the same work has caused motivation to drop. Why? (3 marks)
3) difference b/w formal and informal group. (5 marks)
4) explain the model of individual motivational work. (5 marks)

Another Paper:

Expectancy theory 5 marks
How informal group are helpful for the organiztion-3 Marks
different types of groups 
assumptions of rational model


Mgt602 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


Entrepreneurship mgt 602 

Total 32 question

28 question objective type 

80% from previous papers 

01 Question of 02 marks

What is copyrights and its limitation.(2)

One question of 03 marks

What are the important issues that an entrepreneurship takes in mind before entering international marketing? (03 marks)

Two question of 05 marks

What is problem inventory analysis and………………. (05)

What is Creative problem solving method for obtaining new ideas focusing on the parameters? (05)

Another Paper:

Mr. Imam is going to start international business but he is facing some difficulties. Now he is planning to have a joint venture with a partner, what chracteristics should a partner have? 3 marks

How the business plan is presented to potential investors? 3 marks

What are the advantages of trade mark registration? 5 marks

You are going to start international business, what points you will consider in economic context? 5 marks


Mgt613 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)


MCQ 28

Question No: 29 ( Marks: 3 )
Standardization in certain instances is not a feasible option. What are the reasons
behind this?

Question No: 30 ( Marks: 3 )
What approaches an organization can adopt to change the job structure

Question No: 31 ( Marks: 5 )
Suppose you are the operations manager of ABC Corporation. To develop competence in paper copy from vu thirty nine dot com business operations, you have to decide either to rely on the facilities available in-house or outsource. What are some of the factors you would base the decision on?

Question No: 32 ( Marks: 5 )
What is the modular design? What is it role in Operations Management?


MTH401 VU Midterm Current Paper (May 2011)

1..write all the forms of g(x) in the method of undetermined coefficients where g(x) is rght hand side of Non-homogeneous linear differential equation ?
2..Deduce the special use of logistic Equation "Epidemic Spread"?
3.what will be the auxiliary Equation of 2nd order Homogeneous Linear Differential equation by taking solution of exponential form y''-2y'+y=et/t2+1
4..find the auxiliary equation for the differential equation 
y'''-2y''-21y'-18y=3+4e-t
5. Define general linear equation of order n ?

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